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Enterprise Resources Planning, commonly known as ERP is one of the major breakthroughs in the field of technology. ERP has enhanced the efficiency of business processes by simply integrating various business functions into a single unified system. Once the ERP software is implemented, every single transaction will be accounted through this system. This is made possible due to the ERP architecture with which they are designed.
Before we understand the types of ERP software systems, let us define ERP architecture and understand how important it is for you. ERP architecture defines the layout of layers of application deployment between servers and desktops, interfaces, and software objects. ERP architecture is something which will help you take better advantage of the processes of the business.
ERP software with an architecture that suits your business needs and importantly that allows you to expand and meet future business needs is the one you need to look for.
Whether you are planning to buy ERP software or trying to understand more about it, the following are important aspects which you should know about ERP.
These three aspects of the ERP system will help business in knowing the features, components, interface, database style, operating system etc. Different EPR system has a varying implication on your business. Having a clear understanding of these aspects will help you choose the right ERP system which fits into your business.
ERP software systems can be classified into different types based on the modules it supports, type of business it caters to, architectural design and so on. One of the best ways to classify the ERP Software system is from a business perspective. This gives a deeper understanding of how different types of ERP software system are designed and their business benefits.
The following are different type of ERP systems.
This type of ERP system is often referred to as customized ERP systems. These are not off-the-shelf ERP software system. It is a custom built to suit unique business requirements. Building these types of ERP systems starts with understanding the business requirements, designing, developing a software system which is very specific to the given business.
It is often assumed that ERP software systems are meant for a large business. Many ERP software solutions are designed and built to cater to the small business and number of small business using these type of ERP systems are increasing. ERP systems can handle anything and everything right from Purchase cycle to sales/distribution cycle, but a small business may not need solutions for all the business functions. The reason being, all function may not exist in a small business or they wish not to automate certain functions.
Many software solution companies have effective small business ERP software which helps ease of managing businesses and they are available at a cost-effective price.
Web-based ERP software is also referred to as cloud ERP and more technically referred to as 'Software as Service (SaaS)'. Web-based ERP software allows the user to access the ERP applications using the internet. Web-based ERP computing resources are maintained in the dedicated remote data centres making it possible to access it anytime and anywhere.
Generally, these types of ERP software system works on subscription module meaning you need to not buy the perpetual license instead you need pay subscription. This type of ERP software system suits business who have strong network connections and bandwidth because any glitch will completely halt the business operations.
ERP architecture plays a key role in making the ERP system useable to the business. Different ERP systems use different type of ERP architecture. In most ERP system, the architecture is organized in layers to manage system complexity in order to provide scalability and flexibility.
The following are the different type of ERP architecture.
The layered ERP architecture generalizes the functional layers to allow it to change with newer technologies. In the layered ERP architecture type, the ‘Three-layer architecture’ is the most reliable, flexible, and scalable architecture. This is most prevalent today and it includes web servers, application servers and database servers.
In this type of ERP architectures, ERP systems focus on the Internet to provide powerful new functionality for Internet-based access and integration. This functionality is primarily supported through the internet accessible technologies such as web server, ERP portal, back-end server integration, browser plug-ins or applets etc.
This type of ERP architecture is also known as object-oriented architectures for web platforms. This architecture breaks the business tier into smaller, distinct units of services, collectively supporting an ERP functional module.
Enterprise Resources Planning (ERP) systems bind various functions of the business into a single system. The following are some of the important business functions you can manage using ERP software.
Production management module: ERP systems helps in planning and optimizing manufacturing processes such as manufacturing capacity, parts, components, and material resources etc. using the past consumption pattern and the demand.
Purchasing management module: Here, ERP systems streamline the procurement process of stock and other supplies.
Inventory management module: Key role of ERP system in inventory management is to maintain optimum inventory levels.
Sales management module: Increasing the process efficiency by streamlining the order management system right from order-to-Invoice-to-cash.
Finance management module: Major role of ERP in finance management is making available all the financial statements for on-time confident decisions.
Human resource management module: Managing people process and payouts related to employees.
You may be interested read to our article Basics of ERP System to know the how it works and business benefits.
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